Sindh, home to a population exceeding 56 million, plays a pivotal role in Pakistan’s economy. The province contributes a substantial 27% to the nation’s GDP and plays a significant part in ensuring Pakistan’s food security. Sindh is a major producer of livestock products, and its livestock sector alone contributes a remarkable 62% to the national agricultural GDP. Furthermore, agriculture in Sindh accounts for approximately 70% of total employment in the province, serving as a vital source of income and livelihood for the local population.
The devastating floods of 2022 disproportionately impacted Sindh, causing extensive damage to residences, transportation networks, agricultural lands, irrigation systems, and communication infrastructure. Even now, millions of people in the province remain in dire need of assistance. According to the Post-Disaster Needs Assessment, a joint effort by the World Bank and the UNDP under the leadership of the Ministry of Planning, Development, and Special Initiatives, supported by the Asian Development Bank, European Union, and other UN agencies, the estimated recovery and reconstruction needs for Sindh following the floods amount to a staggering US$7.9 billion, the highest among all the provinces in Pakistan.
The agriculture and food sector bore the brunt of the 2022 floods, resulting in increased food prices, food shortages, and disruptions in employment and livelihoods. Over 4.4 million acres of agricultural land were rendered unproductive. Irrigation and flood protection systems that served more than half a million farmers across 5.1 million hectares of farmland suffered severe damage. The floods also caused significant losses in the livestock sector, including the drowning of animals and damage to related infrastructure. Approximately 249,000 livestock, including cattle and poultry, were lost, amounting to a staggering value of US$117.3 million.
The extensive damage to roads and transportation infrastructure has hindered mobility, disrupted livelihoods, impeded trade and commerce, and limited access to essential services such as healthcare and education. The annual monsoon season further deteriorates road conditions, and frequent urban flooding compounds the issue by submerging and eroding paved roads. In fact, around 60% of the road network in the province is currently in poor condition, posing a significant challenge to recovery and reconstruction efforts.
The Sindh Graduates Association (SGA) has demonstrated an exemplary response to the call for assistance during the recent crises, activating a massive force of over 10,000 volunteers across its network of 100 branches throughout Sindh. From the outset of the emergencies, SGA volunteers have remained tirelessly mobilized within their respective communities, providing immediate and effective response, relief, and simultaneously spearheading efforts for rehabilitation, medical care, health and hygiene, and shelters, all while ensuring regular supplies of both prepared and raw food to the affected communities across Sindh